Ancestors in the Civil War

Dave Hoplin

Alvin Hovey Lincoln – 8th Iowa Regiment, Company C

Private in the infantry, 8th Iowa Regiment, Company C. Fought at Shiloh and Vicksburg. Enlisted in August 1861 and was mustered out in Sep 1864. A bit of a “shirt-tail” relative as Alvin is the grandfather of a wife of a cousin. Some family want to claim ancestral ties to Abraham, but I think that has been debunked. Alvin also had a brother, James. Photo taken at Shiloh Battlefield.

James Sanderson Lincoln – 144th Ohio Infantry

James Sanderson Lincoln served with the 144th Ohio Infantry and was killed in action near Winchester, VA in 1864.
Enlisted in Company K, 144th Infantry Regiment Ohio as a Sergeant on 11 May 1864 at the age of 39. Killed Company K, 144th Infantry Regiment Ohio on 13 Aug 1864 at Berryville, VA.

James, a school teacher with a wife and seven children, enlisted to serve in the Union Army during the Civil War. He fought with the Ohio 144th Regiment, Company K. James was killed in action at the Battle of Berryville on August 13, 1864. At home, his wife, Elizabeth, gave birth to their eighth child, a daughter, on the same day James was killed.

From the 8th Iowa regimental history

Eighth Iowa Infantry. — Cols., Frederick Steele, James L. Geddes; Lieut. – Cols., James L. Geddes, John C. Ferguson; Majs., John C. Ferguson, Joseph Andrews.

This regiment was organized in the latter part of the summer of 1861, and was mustered in Sept. 5. Soon after its organization it went to St. Louis, from which place it moved to Syracuse, where it joined Fremont’s army in pursuit of Price’s forces and operated in southwestern Missouri, losing heavily through sickness. It returned to Sedalia in November and remained there until ordered to join Grant’s forces in Tennessee the following spring. Col. Steele was appointed brigadier-general and Lieut. – Col. Geddes succeeded to the command, Maj. Ferguson being commissioned lieutenant-colonel, and Capt. Joseph Andrews of Co. F was made major.

The regiment participated in the battle of Shiloh, fighting 10 hours on the first day, repelling attack after attack, and, with the battery which it was supporting, inflicting terrible punishment upon the enemy. It was the last to leave the advanced line of the army, being surrounded as it attempted to withdraw and compelled to surrender. Out of 650 men engaged, it lost 64 killed, 100 wounded, and 47 missing.

The 8th, 12th and 14th Ia. formed four-fifths of the little force that held back ten times its numbers at the close of the first day at Shiloh, giving Buell time to bring up his forces and snatch victory from defeat. Entirely cut off, they fought until they could fight no longer, and threw down their arms only to see many of their number shot down in cold blood after they had surrendered as prisoners of war. The officers above the rank of lieutenant were sent to Selma, thence to Talladega, returned to Selma soon afterward, three months later to Atlanta, thence to Madison until Nov. 7, when they were sent to Libby prison, Richmond, and were paroled a week later at Aiken’s landing. The lieutenants and enlisted men were sent to various prisons in Alabama and suffered the miseries and privations so common to southern prisons.

A few of the 8th who escaped capture went into the “Union Brigade,” a consolidated regiment rather than a brigade, and took part in the Tennessee and Mississippi campaigns, distinguishing itself at Corinth. The regiment was reorganized at St. Louis early in 1863 and made an expedition to Rolla, after which it joined Grant’s movement upon Vicksburg. It took part in the battle of Jackson, participated in the assault at Vicksburg on May 22 and also in the siege. It accompanied the army to Jackson, and after the evacuation there engaged in the pursuit of the enemy. It then went into camp at Vicksburg where Lieut. -Col. Ferguson died of disease. A short march to Brownsville was the only movement of interest until early in November, when the regiment moved to Memphis, thence to Lagrange and Pocahontas, where it remained until ordered to Vicksburg to take part in the Meridian raid.

Soon after that event most of the command reenlisted and visited Iowa on veteran furlough. Returning to Memphis, it performed provost guard duty during 1864 and the early part of 1865, its most notable work being the repulse of Forrest, who made an attack on the city Aug. 21, 1864, the regiment being assisted by the “Gray-beard” regiment from Iowa. Early in March, 1865, the regiment moved to New Orleans and proceeded to Mobile bay, where it took part in the assault upon Spanish Fort and captured several hundred prisoners. This assault was made by a brigade commanded by Col. Geddes. Maj.- Gen. Steele, the former colonel of the 8th, won high praise for the manner in which he conducted his part of the siege of Mobile, and Geddes’ assault on Spanish Fort was conceded to be the most brilliant performance of that campaign.

The regiment moved to Montgomery shortly after and served until mustered out. The original strength of the regiment was 921; gain by recruits 106; total 1,027.